Belajar ERP via CPIM Module

By | October 15, 2009

Belajar ERP via CPIM Module

Sebenarnya jika ingin mempelajari atau belajar mengenai Business
Process ERP System, dapat melalui module2 CPIM dari APICS
(http://www.apics.org) yang terdiri dari 5 module sbb:

- Basic of Supply Chain Management (BSCM)
- Master Planning of Resources (MPR)
- Detailed Scheduling and Planning (DSP)
- Execution and Control of Operations (ECO)
- Strategic Management of Resources (SMR)

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BSCM – Basics of Supply Chain Management (Module 1)
This module covers basic concepts in managing the complete flow of
materials in a supply chain from suppliers to customers. The Basics
module introduces supply chain concepts and emphasizes basic
terminology, but it also covers relationships among activities in the
supply chain. Knowledge of the material in this module is assumed as a
prerequisite for the other CPIM modules, which cover similar topics
but in much greater depth.

Four main topics have been used to organize the domain of Basics of
Supply Chain Management. The relative importance of a topic is not
necessarily reflected by its level in the outline. The relative
importance of these topics will vary among industries, but for study
purposes the percentage figures given below can be used as guidelines.

I Businesswide Concepts
II Demand Planning
III Transformation of Demand into Supply
IV Supply

MPR – Master Planning of Resources (Module 2)
This module examines both supply and demand planning for mid- to
long-term independent demand. Major topics include demand management,
sales and operations planning, and maser scheduling. Both priority
planning and capacity planning issues are addressed.

Demand Management is the function of recognizing all demands for goods
and services to support the marketplace. It includes forecasting,
order servicing and customer relationship management, and distribution
planning Sales and Operations Planning is a process that brings
together all the plans for the business (e.g., sales, marketing,
product development, manufacturing, sourcing, finance). The result is
an integrated set of plans by product family.

Master Scheduling is the process of generating, reviewing, and
updating the master production schedule to keep it consistent with the
production plan.

I Demand Management
II Sales and Operations Planning
III Master Scheduling

DSP – Detailed Scheduling and Planning (Module 3)
The subject matter of Detailed Scheduling and Planning includes
inventory management, material requirements planning, capacity
requirements planning, and procurement and supplier planning.
Detailed Scheduling and Planning translates product-level plans and
schedules generated at the master planning level into requirements
that can be procured or produced. This process supports the strategies
and objectives established by the company, as constrained by lead
time, cost, equipment, personnel, or other constraints. The subject
matter therefore encompasses anything required to bridge the master
planning area with the execution and control area of the CPIM body of
knowledge. Relevant strategy-level implications are also considered.

I Planning Material Requirements to Support the Master Schedule
II Planning Operations to Support the Priority Plan
III Planning Procurement and External Sources of Supply

ECO – Execution and Control of Operations (Module 4)
Execution and Control of Operations encompasses the principles,
approaches, and techniques needed to schedule, control, measure, and
evaluate the effectiveness of production operations. This
certification module addresses a broad base of production operations
including project, batch, line, continuous, and remanufacturing
environments. It provides feedback about how well plans are being
executed and provides information for customers and suppliers about
the status of work in process (WIP). The importance and emphasis of
the principles, approaches and techniques addressed are relative to
the production environment, the labor environment, and the physical
organization of the plant, brought about through effective people
management and leadership.

I Prioritizing and Sequencing Work to be Performed
II Executing the Plans, Implementing Physical Controls, and Reporting
Results of Activities Performed
III Evaluating Performance and Providing Feedback

SMR – Strategic Management of Resources (Module 5)
The subject matter in the Strategic Management of Resources module
includes higher-level thinking on strategic planning and
implementation. This requires an understanding of how market
requirements drive the resources and processes of all organizations.
The strategic management of resources has the potential to
dramatically increase any organization’s competitive position.
Operations strategy is the foundation upon which operations planning
and control decisions should be based. Strategic decision-making
significantly affects the organization and often requires widespread
changes. To contribute to this effort, the candidate must understand
how an organization develops its strategic goals, and how it
configures its systems and technologies to address strategic objectives.
This examination focuses on the relationship of existing and emerging
systems and concepts to the strategy and the functions related to
operations planning and control The successful candidate must
understand how Strategic Management of Resources relates to the CPIM
body of knowledge as defined by the other CPIM modules.

I Aligning the Resources with the Strategic Plan
II Configuring and Integrating the Operating Processes to Support
the Strategic Plan
III Implementing Change

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